It is handy to familiarise yourself with the bits and pieces of your braces in case you need to communicate this to your orthodontist. Here is a diagram to help you with the right words.
Brackets are glued directly to your teeth.
The archwire passes through the bracket and is tied on to it with a ligature.
Tubes are glued to your back teeth and the ends of the archwire feed into it.
A ligature is a tiny rubber ring or fine wire that ties the archwire to the bracket.
(M) Metal Band
A metal band is a metal ring that is glued to your tooth.
(E) Elastic bands and (H) Hooks
Elastics bands are attached to hooks, which help move your teeth into its final position.